Honoré de Balzac was a French novelist and playwright. The novel Sequence la Comedy Comedy, which presents a panorama of Napoleon's later French life, is usually seen as his magnum opus. Because of his keen observation of detail and unfiltered representation of society, Balzac is regarded as one of the founders of realism in European literature. He is noted for his multidimensional characters; Even his lesser characters are complex, morally ambiguous, and completely human. Inanimate objects are also treated with character; The city of Paris, a backdrop to his writing, inherits many human qualities.


        An avid reader and independent thinker as a child, Balzac had trouble adopting the teaching style of his grammar school. His steadfast nature caused trouble throughout his life and frustrated his ambitions to succeed in the business world. When he finished school, Balzac was made an apprentice in a law office, but turned his back on studying law due to his inhumanity and restrictive routines. Before and during his career as a writer, he attempted to become a publisher, printer, businessman, critic and politician; He was unsuccessful in all these efforts.

        Two works of 1829 brought Balzac to the brink of success. Les Chauns, the first novel he felt confident enough to publish under his name, is a historical novel about Breton peasants called Chauns, who participated in an imperial rebellion against revolutionary France in 1799 Was. The second, La Physiology du Marij (Physiology of Marriage), is a humorous and satirical essay on the subject of marital infidelity, covering both its causes and its treatment.

        Six stories in his Skènes de la Vie private (1830; "Scenes from a private life") further enhanced his reputation. These long short stories are for the most part psychological studies of girls in conflict with parental rights. The attention he gave to describing the domestic background in his work presupposes the brilliantly detailed social commentaries of his later Parisian studies.

        With this vision, Balzac spent much of his time in Paris. He frequented some of the most famous Paris salons of the day and rededicated his efforts to establish himself as a luminous figure in society. For most people, he seemed highly critical, talkative, sensual and strong, arrogant, credible and boastful. He adopted for his own use an ancient aristocratic family with whom he had no connection and assumed the Honorable Particle d. He was eager for fame, fortune and love, but was all conscious of his talent.

        Balzac suffered from poor health during his final years, and his morale endured disappointment in one of his great love affair. In 1832, he received his first letter from Madame Hanska, the wife of a Polish nobleman. They then continued a correspondence interrupted by occasional holidays spent together in various parts of Europe.

        Her husband died in 1841, but Madame Hanska refused to marry Balzac. He agreed when he fell seriously ill. The wedding took place on March 14, 1850 at his home.