Early Life:

        Jean-Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud was a French poet known for his influence on modern literature and the arts, a realist realism. Born in Charleville-Majères, he began writing at an early age and excelled as a student, but left his formal education in his teens to flee home to Paris in the midst of the Franco-Prussian War. During his late teens and early adulthood he began the bulk of his literary production, then stopped writing altogether at the age of 21, after assembling one of his major works, the Illuminations.

        Rimbaud was a generous and relaxed soul, having indulged in a violent love affair with fellow poet Paul Verlin for nearly two years. After ending his literary career, he traveled to three continents as a businessman before his death from cancer just after his thirty-seventh birthday. As a poet, Rimbaud is a pioneer of modernist literature for his contributions to symbolism and, among other works, A Seas in Hell.

        Jean Nicholas Arthur Rimbaud was born on October 20, 1854, in Charleville, in Ardennes. His father, Frédéric Rimbaud, an infantry captain, and his mother Vitaly Quaife, who come from a farming family in Ardnis, married in 1853. Arthur had an older brother, Frédéric, and two sisters, Vitaly and Isabel, born in 1858 and 1860, respectively.

        A few months after Isabel's birth, her father joined her regiment in Grenoble and never returned home again. He left his wife and children for himself. After his time in the military, he chose Dijon to retire. Badly hurt, his wife no longer talks about him. She is known as the "widow Rimbaud". The children were very strictly educated. His mother was a strict Catholic. He feared that they would follow his father's bad example.

        By the time the Franco-German War began in July 1870, Rimbaud had begun to take a keen interest in politics. The outbreak of the school in Charleville ceased after the war, an event that marked the end of his formal education. The war served to intensify Rimbaud's rebellion; Elements of blasphemy and scology in his poetry became more intense, vowels more pronounced, and images more bizarre and even hallucinatory.

        Reading widely in the city's library, Rimbaud soon became involved with revolutionary socialist theory. In an impulsive attempt to realize his hopes of revolution, he fled to Paris that August but was arrested at the station for traveling without tickets. For a brief period of time in prison, he wandered in northern France and Belgium for several months.

        His mother brought him back to Charleville by police, but in February 1871 he again moved to Paris as a volunteer in the armies of the Paris Commune, which was then besieged by regular French troops. After being depressed there for three weeks, he returned home just before the merciless suppression of the Paris Commune.

        Rimbaud wrote all his poems over a period of about five years, culminating around the year 1875. After 1875, his only writing survived in documents and letters. e spent the last twenty years of his life working abroad, and he worked in African cities as a colonial trademan.