Daudet was born in Nîmes, France. His family, on both sides, belonged to the bourgeoisie. His father, Vincent Daudet, was a silk maker - a man who fickle through life with misfortune and failure. Alphonse, amidst much stress, was a hopeless boy.

        In 1856 he left Leon, where his scholarly work was mainly spent, and began his career as a schoolteacher in the Alres, Guards in the south of France. The situation proved to be unbearable, and Dudet later stated that he would stay awake for months after leaving Ells, thinking he was Grevons' friend.

        On 1 November 1857, he gave up teaching and took refuge with his brother Ernest Dudet, only some three years his senior, who was "calmly trying" to survive, and as a journalist in Paris . Alphonse began writing, and his poems were collected in a small volume, Les Amoures (1858), which met with a fair reception.

        He obtained employment on Le Figaro, then wrote two or three plays, under the energetic editorial of Cartier de Vilmessant, and became recognized in literary communities as distinction and promise. Morni, Napoleon III's all-powerful minister, appointed him one of his secretaries - a position he held until Morni's death in 1865.

        His health was affected by poverty and due to endometriosis which he received to spend his life, Dudet spent the winter of 1861–62 in Algeria. One of the fruits of this journey is the Chapatin le Ture de Lions (1863; "Chapatin the Killer of Lions"), whose lion-hunter hero can be seen as the first sketch of the author's future Tatrin. Dudet's first play, La Dernier Idol ("The Last Idol"), was heavily influenced after it was produced at the Odian Theater in Paris in 1862.

        His winter session in Corsica as late as 1862 was recalled in the passage of his Lettres de Monne, Moulin (1869; "Letter from my letter"). His entire social life until the years 1863–65 (until Morney's death) provided him with ruthlessly analyzing material in Le Nabab (1877; "The Knob"). In January 1867 he married Julia Allard, himself a writer of genius, with whom he was deeply in love and who greatly assisted her in her later work. They had two sons, Lyon and Lucian, and a daughter, Edmie.

        Many translators have been found in Dudet's works, especially his novels; John P., an edition of Letters of My Mill. Is of McGlor (1966). R. in Daudet's study in English. H. Sherard, Alphonse Daudet: A Biographic and Critical Study (1894) contains an early, but still valuable book, and Murray Sachs, The Career of Aluonse Daudet: A Critical Study (1965). Dudet's theatrical works have been studied by Gulf Rufus Saylor in Alphonse Dudet as Dramatist (1940).

        For the first eight years of his life, Daudet lived in N, mes., With his strong taste of ancient Roman civilization. The family then moved to Leon, where Alphonse experienced both a less affluent family life and the "North" culture and atmosphere that Nomes carried, though it was still a separate part of the Midi. At the age of sixteen, his studies were interrupted, so he could remain in the post of a class assistant in a school in the southern city of Alès, putting a financial burden on his family.

        He remained in that position for only a few months, and at the age of seventeen he moved to Paris with his elder brother Ernest. He had been writing since his early teens, and within a year of his arrival in Paris he was able to arrange for the publication of a small volume of his poems and even had some success in reciting his poems.